Electromyostimulation (EMS) in cardiac patients. Is EMS training becoming significant for secondary prevention?
Aim of study
Chronic heart insufficiency has been always a weakness point of any cardiac patient who cannot exercise normally. However, moderate endurance training has been validated recently to be a part of secondary prevention which improves the prognosis for chronic heart insufficiency. That being said, only a few experienced, well supervised, highly motivated and mostly younger patients can be reached with a complementary, sustained, sports therapy in clinical practice.
When cardiac insufficiency patients experienced whole body electromyostimulation, they started to develop an unanticipated potential for the regeneration of neurohumoral, inflammatory and skeletal muscular disease symptoms within the context of systemic CHI disease. That’s why they had to investigate further into the effect and the acceptance percentage of the whole body EMS training.
The whole body EMS tests were done on cardiac insufficiency patients, and these researches resulted in demonstrating a 96% increase in the Oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (VO2AT 19.39)
At the beginning of the clinical training, their body weight [BW] was [± 5.3] ml/kg and it reached VO2AT 24.25 [± 6.34] ml/kg [BW] at the end of the training phase (p < 0.05). It was noted that the diastolic blood pressure fell significantly (psyst < 0.05; pdiast < 0.001). At constant weight, muscle growth was boosted up 14%, which was regarded as a great improvement for cardiac patients.
The whole experience was successful and fruitful, as the training method was appealed by all participants in this trial and no dropouts were observed. The patients indicated that their subjective capacity was significantly higher.
The effect of EMS training in insufficiency patients has shown great results. The improvement in the objective assessment of their capacity as well as the optimization of muscle-physiological and metabolic parameters, by far, surpassed the results of traditional types of aerobics training for primary and secondary cardiac rehabilitation in patients with CHI disease. Thus, the selected training method to treat cardiac insufficiency patients holds promising potentials to their future health condition.
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